The Balak narrative, with its parable of the prophet who came to curse Israel and found himself blessing it instead, was certainly part of this process of establishing and aggrandizing the power of YHWH. • Subscribe today. If the new interpretation of the Mesha stele is correct, it would mean that Balak could join the ranks of characters from the Bible who have made it into the history books. [3] According to Numbers 22:2, and Joshua 24:9, Balak was the son of Zippor. The name gels with the biblical description of Balak’s kingdom, described as lying south of the Arnon river, which in fact flows toward the Dead Sea some 30 kilometers north of Kerak, that is, the Horonaim of the Mesha stele, Finkelstein says. found at Kuntillet Ajrud, an Israelite site in the Sinai desert, have shown that at this time the now invisible deity known as YHWH was depicted anthropomorphically and was believed to have a divine wife or companion named Asherah. Sign in Clarify Abraham's nephew, Lot, had chosen to live in the lush Jordan valley and ended up living in the doomed city of Sodom. Without husbands, the two women conspired instead to continue the family line through their father. In the Bible, Balak appears much earlier in the story of the Hebrews, ostensibly centuries before the time of Mesha. $3.99 a month for 40+ study tools. Balaam, son of Beor, was a prophet from Penthor, on the Euphrates River, and Balak, son of Zippor, was a king of Moab. Well, hopefully things will be clearer in just a bit. By adding a comment, I agree to this site’s Terms of use. Which of the 12 Apostles wrote New Testament books? Another point that favors the identification of Balak as a real person from this period is that we already have a separate and almost contemporaneous inscription that points to the possible historicity of Balaam, the prophet unsuccessfully employed by the king of Moab to curse the Israelites in the biblical narrative. The Zohar further recounts that the bird spoke true words of prophecy in Balak's ear and warned him not to set himself against the Sons of Israel, and also foretold of the harsh punishment in store for himself and for the Moabits. Balak initially conferred with his Midianite allies[6] in order to block Israelite settlement, before sending his elders (along with Midianite elders) to seek Balaam's curse on them. Balac is the Greek form of Balak (). Balaam was stopped by God, however, and was sent back to Balak to prophesy to him the future destruction of Moab. Balak (Hebrew: .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}בָּלָק‎ Bālāq)[1] was a king of Moab described in the Book of Numbers in the Hebrew Bible, where his dealings with the prophet Balaam are recounted. All rights reserved. How will God put our bodies back together after we have turned to dust? • Quoted by Rabbi Moshe Yazdi of Ahavat Yisrael Yeshiva, Jerusalem, in (Hebrew) commentaries on the, http://biblehub.com/commentaries/pulpit/numbers/22.htm, http://torahofyeshuah.blogspot.com/2015/07/book-of-meqabyan-i-iii.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Balak&oldid=983898726, Articles using Infobox character with multiple unlabeled fields, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 22:31. 22; 23; 24; Judg. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. empty; spoiler, a son of Zippor, and king of the Moabites ( Numbers 22:2 Numbers 22:4 ). The higher the vote, the further up an answer is. In the book of Numbers, Balak is the one and only ruler of the kingdom of Moab – whereas in history it would seem that he was a losing rival of Mesha in vying for supremacy over the region east of the Dead Sea. Haaretz.com provides extensive and in-depth coverage of Israel, the Jewish World and the Middle East, including defense, diplomacy, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the peace process, Israeli politics, Jerusalem affairs, international relations, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, the Palestinian Authority, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the Israeli business world and Jewish life in Israel and the Diaspora. What does the oil represent that the virgins went to buy? Frightened by the fall of the lands of the Amorites and Bashan, the kings of Moab and Midian, implacable foes for many generations, united for the purpose of a common attack upon the children of Israel.Balak, the newly elected king of Moab, had been put in charge of the plans.

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